The 5 Brain Pillars

 

The 5 Brain Pillars are the foundations upon which layers of knowledge are added and are needed for learning. Very much like the foundations of a skyscraper that sees layer upon layer added on top.

The 5 Brain Pillars deal with “how we learn” and determine our ability to acquire, retain and make use of the knowledge we gather. Knowledge is “what we learn” and represents academic content, study techniques, languages etc. A solid foundation enables a person to cope with whatever layers of knowledge that are laid on top.   

 


        

1.Visual

Sight is the ability to see but vision is the result of the brain’s ability to interpret and understand the information that the eyes see. Our Visual Brain Pillar works closely with our Auditory Brain Pillar to help us gather organize and make sense of information in our daily lives.

Vestibular System or Semicircular Canal 

The vestibular system in the inner ear receives information about movement and body position in space.

​Works specifically to:

- Maintain head stability

- Assist postural tone

- Keep balance in all positions

- Maintain stable eye movements

- Give physical and emotional security

Proprioception :

- Proprioception refers to the automatic awareness of the positions of our arms and legs.

- Enables us to identify

- Direction and speed of movement

- Strength necessary for holding/ lifting objects

- Information on body position in space

- Body parts and their relations

Ocular Control

- Ocular control is the smooth and coordinated movement of the eyes

- For accurate and rapid eye tracking

- Tracking horizontally from left to right; required skill for reading fluency

 


 

2. Auditory

When we listen, the ear receives a sound signal but it is the brain that processes these signals. Our Auditory Brain Pillar is vital for learning and social interaction.

​Auditory Processing :

Sound travels very fast through the air, and spoken language is a string of many short sounds arriving at the ear with a short span of time.

Our ability to listen accurately depends on how fast our Temporal lobe can process these sounds.

Listening accuracy is also the foundation for language and reading success.

Using advanced technology based on scientific research, Fast ForWord begins by improving listening accuracy, phonics, and then trains the brain for higher reading skills such as decoding, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and even critical thinking.

 


 

3.Sensory-Motor:

Often unknown to many of us, this Brain Pillar is working continuously in our daily lives so that we do not need extra effort in our mundane activities. Different sensors in our body provide continuous feedback to our brain so that we can naturally use the right amount of force and movement pattern to accomplish various activities. They accurately process information about our body so that the brain can relay this information to our muscles to execute an appropriate movement.

 

Tactile system :

- Tactile refers to the sensory messages received through our skin

- Our sense of touch

- This is the first sensory system to be developed and matured.

- The tactile discriminative system

- Provides the brain with precise information regarding size, shape and texture of objects in the environment without 



 

4.Attention & Memory:

Attention lets us remain focused on a task without being easily distracted. It also helps us control our impulses so that we do not rush into a task without giving it due consideration. Memory enables us to retain and recall information. Both are vital for academic excellence, social interaction and general confidence in everyday life.

 


 

5.Social-Emotional:

This Brain Pillar causes us to develop feelings and attitudes towards any activity. Interest, motivation and confidence have positive effects on the development of the other Brain Pillars. The “feel good” factor leads to the production of certain brain chemicals that build stronger brain connections.